Country in East Africa

Description

Mozambique is a southern African nation whose long Indian Ocean coastline is dotted with popular beaches like Tofo, as well as offshore marine parks. In the Quirimbas Archipelago, a 250km stretch of coral islands, mangrove-covered Ibo Island has colonial-era ruins surviving from a period of Portuguese rule. The Bazaruto Archipelago farther south has reefs which protect rare marine life including dugongs.

10. Cahora Bassa

The Cahora Bassa lake—in the Portuguese colonial era known as Cabora Bassa, from Nyungwe Kahoura-Bassa, meaning “finish the job”—is Africa’s fourth-largest artificial lake, situated in the Tete Province in Mozambique. 

9. Limpopo National Park

The Limpopo National Park was born when the status of Coutada 16 Wildlife Utilisation Area in Gaza Province, Mozambique, was changed from a hunting concession to a protected area.

8. Gorongosa National Park

Gorongosa National Park is a preserved area in the Great Rift Valley of central Mozambique. Its forests and savannahs are home to lions, hippos and elephants. Lake Urema and its surrounding wetlands and rivers attract scores of water birds. The multitiered Murombodzi Falls spills over jagged rocks on the slopes of Mount Gorongosa. Limestone gorges and bat-filled caves define Cheringoma Plateau.

7. Tofo Beach

Tofo is a coastal town in southeastern Mozambique. It’s known for the curved Tofo Beach and nearby coral reefs. Huge manta rays circle at Manta Reef, a well-known “cleaning station,” attracting small fish that feed off the rays’ parasites and other debris. Dolphins, whale sharks and migratory humpback whales also swim off the coast, in the waters of the Indian Ocean. To the north are the resorts of Barra Beach.

6. Island of Mozambique

The Island of Mozambique sits off Mozambique’s north coast. It’s connected to the mainland by a bridge. Portuguese colonial structures in Stone Town, the northern half of the island, include the Chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte. The 16th-century Fort of São Sebastião crowns a headland nearby. The Palace of São Paulo is a former governor’s home with a museum. Thatched-roof Macuti houses dot the south of the island.

5. Inhaca Island

Inhaca Island is a subtropical island of Mozambique off the East African coast. The main village is Inhaca, situated just over a kilometer from Inhaca Airport. Various tourist lodges are situated along the northwestern coastline.

4. Benguerra Island

Benguerra Island in Mozambique is the second largest island in the Bazaruto Archipelago, which broke away from the mainland thousands of years ago. The island is approximately 55 square kilometers, and lies 14km offshore. Portuguese explorers also gave the island the name Santa Antonio.

3. Vilankulos

Vilankulo is a coastal town in Mozambique, lying in the Vilanculos District of Inhambane Province. Vilankulo is named after local tribal chief Gamela Vilankulo Mukoke, and some of the “bairros” are named after his sons. Known as Vilanculos during colonial times, the name was changed to Vilankulo at independence.

2. Bazaruto Archipelago National Marine Park

The Bazaruto Archipelago National Park is a protected area in the Inhambane Province of Mozambique on the Bazaruto Archipelago. The park was proclaimed on 25 May 1971. It is off the coast of the Vilanculos and Inhassoro districts, covering a large expanse of ocean and six islands.

1. Quirimbas National Park

The Quirimbas National Park is a protected area in the Cabo Delgado Province of Mozambique, encompassing the southern part of the Quirimbas Islands, as well as a significant mainland area. The mainland region of Taratibua contain various inselbergs.

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